Article #10

ARTICLE REFERENCE

Sulaiman, T., Hassan, A., & Yi, H. Y. (2011). An analysis of teaching styles in primary and secondary school teachers based on the theory of multiple intelligences. Journal of Social Sciences, 7(3), 428-435. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3844/jssp.2011.428.435

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to determine the MI profile of participating teachers, and to compare their teaching styles based on Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory.

METHOD

The study included 310 primary and secondary schools and applied a descriptive survey approach. Questionnaires were used to collect data, and correlation based techniques were used to determine the relationship among the intelligences and teaching styles of primary and secondary school teachers.

OUTCOMES

  • 5 different MI profiles were noted between primary and secondary teachers (Spatial intelligence, Naturalistic intelligence, Logical-mathematic intelligence, Interpersonal intelligence, Musical intelligence).
  • Secondary teachers were identified as being stronger in Naturalistic, Interpersonal, Spatial and Logical-mathematic intelligences.
  • Primary teachers were identified as being stronger in Musical intelligence.
  • Primary teachers focused on a naturalistic teaching approach.
  • Secondary teachers focused on an interpersonal teaching approach.
  • Participants recognized importance of varying their teaching approach to reach more students and develop a variety of skills in their students.

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IMPLICATIONS FOR CHANGE PROJECT

With the goal of eventually implementing a change within my school in relation to the multiple intelligences, and respecting a variety of intelligences, it would be important to gather information in regards to the teachers’ intelligence profiles. If like in the study, my primary school’s teachers are primarily focused on a musical and naturalistic approach, we will want to consider developing other approaches to reach more students and a variety of intelligences.

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