This is the leading cause of anemia in the United States, and consequently, the most common type of anemia during pregnancy. Approximately 15% to 25% of all pregnancies experience iron deficiency.
Why is iron deficiency so common in pregnancy?
What causes iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy? Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to your tissues. During pregnancy, you need double the amount of iron that nonpregnant women need. Your body needs this iron to make more blood to supply oxygen to your baby.
Is anemia during pregnancy common?
Many women lack the sufficient amount of iron needed for the second and third trimesters. When your body needs more iron than it has available, you can become anemic. Mild anemia is normal during pregnancy due to an increase in blood volume.
Can you have a healthy pregnancy with low iron?
The good news is, anemia in pregnancy is easy to treat and quite common, especially in the second and third trimesters. With a few minor nutritional adjustments (and potentially a supplement) to address low iron levels, you can have a healthy pregnancy.
What percentage of pregnancies are anemic?
Prevalence was 29.6% (95% UI 26.6%, 32.5%) in non-pregnant women of reproductive age, and 36.5% (95% UI 34.0%, 39.1%) in pregnant women.
What is considered mild anemia during pregnancy?
According to the classification of World Health Organization (WHO), pregnant women with hemoglobin levels less than 11.0 g/dl in the first and third trimesters and less than 10.5 g/dl in the second trimester are considered anemic (Table I) (11).
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
If you have iron-deficiency anemia, taking iron orally or getting iron administered intravenously along with vitamin C is often the fastest way to raise your iron levels.
Food sources of vitamin B12 include:
- Fortified breads, pasta, rice, and cereals.
What is the normal blood percentage for a pregnant woman?
That’s why pregnant women are recommended to have a hemoglobin level of 12-16g/DL and any value below 12 is considered as iron deficiency and below 10.5 as anemia.
Do prenatal vitamins have iron?
As you likely know, prenatal vitamins are supplements to your diet – and recommended by almost all folks involved in prenatal care. As you also likely know, most prenatal vitamins contain minerals, including iron. Why? Because during the 9 months of your pregnancy, you and your growing baby need about 1000 mg of iron.
Can low iron cause miscarriage?
Around 35 percent of expectant mothers may be at risk of pregnancy complications – such as miscarriage or preterm birth – as a result of iron deficiency.